Blowup phenomena in hydrodynamics, mechanism of developed tubrulence, spontaneously stochastic solutions, shell models
We discuss a theoretical framework to define an optimal sub-grid closure for shell models of turbulence. The closure is based on the ansatz that consecutive shell multipliers are short-range correlated, following the third hypothesis of Kolmogorov formulated for similar quantities for the original three dimensional Navier-Stokes turbulence.
We present a theoretical argument showing that a classical deterministic solution before a finite-time blowup must be continued as a stochastic process after the blowup, representing a unique physically relevant description in the inviscid limit.
Incompressible 3D Euler equations develop high vorticity in very thin pancake-like regions from generic large-scale initial conditions. In this work we propose an exact solution of the Euler equations for the asymptotic pancake evolution.
Exceptional points in non-Hermitian systems, applications in optics and quantum physics
Physical systems with loss or gain have resonant modes that decay or grow exponentially with time. Whenever two such modes coalesce both in their resonant frequency and their rate of decay or growth, an ‘exceptional point’ occurs.
We present experimental results from a waveguide structure that steers incoming waves around an exceptional point during the transmission process. In this way, mode transitions are induced that transform this device into a robust and asymmetric switch between different waveguide modes.
J. Doppler, A.A. Mailybaev, J. Böhm, U. Kuhl, A. Girschik, F. Libisch, T.J. Milburn, P. Rabl, N. Moiseyev, S. Rotter, Dynamically encircling an exceptional point for asymmetric mode switching, Nature (2016) 537:7618, 76-79.
Selected for: Nature Physics News & Views.
Singular traveling waves in conservation laws, in-situ combustion, enhanced oil recovery (EOR)
We develop the theory of liquid–gas filtration combustion, when an oxidizer (air) is injected into porous rock containing two-component liquid fuel. We found a qualitatively new combustion mechanism controlled by the successive vaporization and condensation of the liquid phase sustained by the reaction.
This paper combines analytical and numerical studies of light oil recovery by air injection. Our solution shows that between regimes of total and partial oxygen consumption there is a change in the oxidation wave, which may have negative implications for oxygen breakthrough.
F.P. Santos, A.A. Mailybaev and D. Marchesin, Oxidation wave structure and oxygen breakthrough for air injection into light oil reservoirs, Computational Geosciences (2016) 20, 1095-1107. [Link] [PDF]